Fall Skin Care Sale

Skin Aging References

Disease Prevention and Treatment, 5th edition

The references on this page correspond with the print version of Disease Prevention and Treatment, 5th edition. Since we continuously update the protocols online in response to new scientific developments, readers are encouraged to review the latest versions of the protocols.

  1. Pontius, AT., et al. "An antiaging and regenerative medicine approach to optimal skin health." Facial Plast Surg (2011): 29-34.
  2. Tabor, A, et al. "Nutritional Cosmetics: Beauty from Within." William Andrew Publishing (2009): 47-63, 421-25.
  3. Fenske, et al "Structural and functional changes of normal aging skin." J Am Acad Dermatol (1986): 571-85.
  4. Buckingham EM, Klingelhutz AJ. The role of telomeres in the ageing of human skin. Exp Determol. 2011;20(4):297-302.
  5. Attia, EA., et al. "Study of telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) expression in normal, aged, andphoto-aged skin." Int J Dermatol (2010):886-93.
  6. Gao, YY., et al. "Mechanism of telomere shortening in photoaging model induced by 8-methoxypsoralen and ultraviolet A." Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (2010): 1698-702.
  7. Blagoev KB, Goodwin EH, Bailey SM. Aging (Albany NY). 2010;2(10):727-30.
  8. Gilchrest BA, Eller MS, Yaar M. Telomere-mediated effects on melanogenesis skin aging. J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc. 2009;14(1):25-31.
  9. Chahal, HS., et al. "The endocrine system and ageing." J Pathol (2007):173-80.
  10. Makrantonaki, E., et al. "Skin and brain age together: The role of hormones in the ageing process." Exp Gerontol (2010): 801-13.
  11. Makrantonaki, E., et al. "Androgens and ageing of the skin." Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes (2009): 240-5.
  12. Verdier-Sévrain S."Effect of estrogens on skin aging and the potential role of selective estrogen receptor modulators." Climacteric. (2007): 289-97.
  13. Hall G, et al. "Skin and hormone therapy." Clin Obstet Gynecol (2004): 437-449.
  14. Phillips, T J., et al. "Hormonal effects on skin aging." (2001): 661-672.
  15. Kanda, N., et al. "Regulatory roles in sex hormones in cutaneous biology and immunology." J Dermatol Sci (2005): 107.
  16. Ramos-e-Silva, M., et al. "Elderly skin and its rejuvenation: products and procedures." J Cosmet Dermatol. (2007): 40-50.
  17. Raine-Fenning, NJ., et al. "Skin Aging and menopause; implications for treatment." (2003); 371-8.
  18. Fisher, et al. "Collagen fragmentation promotes oxidative stress and elevates matrix metalloproteinase-1 in fibroblasts in aged human skin." Amer J Pathol (2009) 101-114.
  19. Masaki, H., et al. Role of antioxidants in the skin: anti-aging effects. J Dermatol Sci (2010): 85-90.
  20. Burke, KE., et al. "Synergistic damage by UVA radiation and pollutants." Toxicol Ind Health (2009):219-24.
  21. Pascucci, et al. "Role of nucleotide excision repair proteins in oxidative DNA damage repair: an updating." Biochem (2011): 4-15.
  22. Rock, K., et al. "Collagen fragments inhibit hyaluronan synthesis in skin fibroblasts in responseto ultraviolet B (UVB): new insights into mechanisms of matrix remodeling." J Biol Chem (2011): 18268-76.
  23. Ogden, S., et al. "The effect of ageing on phenotype and function of monocyte-derived Langerhans cells." Br J Dermatol (2011): 184-8.
  24. Van Boekel MA. The role of glycation in aging and diabetes mellitus. Mol Biol Rep. 1991 May;15(2):57-64.
  25. Dyer DG et al. Accumulation of Maillard reaction products in skin collagen in diabetes and aging. J Clin Invest. 1993 Jun;91(6):2463-9.
  26. Pageon H et al. Reconstructed skin modified by glycation of the dermal equivalent as a model for skin aging and its potential use to evaluate anti-glycation molecules. Exp Gerontol. 2008 Jun;43(6):584-8. Epub 2008 Apr 7.
  27. Kikuchi S et al. Glycation--a sweet tempter for neuronal death. Brain Res Brain Res Rev. 2003 Mar;41(2-3):306-23.
  28. Sajithlal GB et al. Advanced glycation end products induce crosslinking of collagen in vitro. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998 Sep 30;1407(3):215-24.
  29. Alikhani Z et al Advanced glycation end products enhance expression of pro-apoptotic genes and stimulate fibroblast apoptosis through cytoplasmic and mitochondrial pathways. J Biol Chem. 2005 Apr 1;280(13):12087-95. Epub 2004 Dec 6.
  30. West MD. The cellular and molecular biology of skin aging. Arch Dermatol. 1994 Jan;130(1):87-95.
  31. Pageon H et al. Collagen glycation triggers the formation of aged skin in vitro. Eur J Dermatol. 2007 Jan-Feb;17(1):12-20. Epub 2007 Feb 27.
  32. Fisher GJ et al. Mechanisms of photoaging and chronological skin aging. Arch Dermatol. 2002 Nov;138(11):1462-70.
  33. Chang, NB., et al. "Skin cancer incidence is highly associated with ultraviolet –B radiation history." Int J Hyg Enviorn Health (2010):359-68
  34. Schmitt, J., et al. "Occupational ultraviolet light exposure increases the risk of development of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis." Br J Dermatol (2011): 291-307.
  35. Taihao, Quan, et al. "Matrix-Degrading Metalloproteinases in Photoaging." Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings (2009) 14, 20–24
  36. Kregel KC, Zhang HJ. An integrated view of oxidative stress in aging: basic mechanisms, functional effects, and pathological considerations. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2007;292(1):R18-36.
  37. Kim JN, et al. Cigarette smoke-induced Egr-1 represses T beta R-II expression in human skin." Toxicol (2010): 29-35.
  38. Nicita-Mauro, V., et al. "Non smoking for successful aging: therapeutic perspectives." Curr Pharm Des (2010): 775-82.
  39. Serri, R., et al. "Quitting smoking rejuvenates the skin": results of a pilot project on smoking cessation conducted in Milan, Italy." Skinmed (2010): 23-9.
  40. Morita, A., et al. "Molecular basis of tobacco smoke-induced premature skin aging." J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc (2009): 53-5.
  41. Vierkötter, A., et al. "Airborne particle exposure and extrinsic skin aging." J Invest Dermatol (2010): 2696.
  42. Pedata P, et al. "Interaction between combustion-generated organic nanoparticles and biological systems: In vitro study of cell toxicity and apoptosis in human keratinocytes." Nanotoxic (2011) May.
  43. Cosgrove, MC, et al. "Dietary nutrient intakes and skin-aging appearance among middle-aged American women." AJCN (2007) : 1225-1231
  44. Epstein, HA., "Food for thought and skin." Skinmed (2010): 50-1.
  45. Nagata, C., et al. "Association of dietary fat, vegetables and antioxidant micronutrients with skin ageing in Japanese women." Br J Nutr (2010): 1493-8.
  46. Piccardi, N., et al. "Nutrition and nutritional supplementation: Impact on skin health and beauty." Dermaendorcinol (2009); 271-4.
  47. Smith, RN., et al. "the effect of a low glycemic load diet on acne vulgaris and fatty acid composition on skin surface triglycerides." J Dermatol Sci (2008): 41-52.
  48. Veith, WB., et al. "The association of acne vulgaris with diet." Cutis (2011): 8491.
  49. Danby, FW., "Nutrition and aging skin: sugar and glycation." Clin Dermatol (2010):409-11.
  50. Avery, NC., et al. "The effects of the Maillard reaction on the physical properties and cell interactions of collagen." Pathol Biol (2006);387-95.
  51. Pageon, H. "Reaction of glycation and human skin: the effects on the skin and its components reconstructed skin as a model." Pathol Biol . (2010): 226-31.
  52. Lyons TJ et al. Decrease in skin collagen glycation with improved glycemic control in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. J Clin Invest. 1991 Jun;87(6):1910-5.
  53. Hayashi, N., "Effect of sunlight exposure and aging on skin surface lipids and urate." Exp Dermatol (2003): 2:13-7.
  54. Kim ,EJ., et al. "Skin aging and photoaging alter fatty acids composition, including11,14,17-eicosatrienoic acid, in the epidermis of human skin." J Korean Med Sci (2010): 980-3.
  55. Taylor, M., et al. "Pathways to inflammation: acne pathophysiology." Eur J Dermatol (2011): 323-33.
  56. Koku Aksu, AE., et al. "Acne: prevalence and relationship with dietary habits in Eskisehir, Turkey." J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol (2011) Dec;26(12):1503-1509.
  57. Simopoulos AP. Importance of the omega-6/omega-3 balance in health and disease: evolutionary aspects of diet. World Rev Nutr Diet. 2011;102:10-21. Epub 2011 Aug 5.
  58. Wertz. "Essential Fatty Acids and Dietary Stress." Toxicol Ind Health. (2009) May: 279-83.
  59. Fortes, C., et al. "A protective effect of the Mediterranean diet for cutaneous melanoma." Int J Epidemiol (2008):1018-29.
  60. Nichols, JA., et al. "Skin photoprotection by natural polyphenols: anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and DNA repair mechanisms." Arch Dermatol Res (2010): 71-83.
  61. Dickinson, et al. "Lifestyle Interventions to reduce raised blood pressure: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials." J Hypertens (2006): 215-33.
  62. Dumler, F., "Dietary Sodium intake and arterial blood pressure. J Ren Nutr (2009): 57-60.
  63. Tarek,, et al. "Rarefaction of Skin Capillaries in Borderline Essential Hypertension Suggests an Early Structural Abnormality." (1999): 655-658.
  64. He, FJ., et al. "Effect of modest salt reduction on skin capillary rarefaction in white, black, and Asian individuals with mild hypertension." Hypertension. (2010): 253-9.
  65. Teng, NI., et al. "Efficacy of fasting calorie restriction on quality of life among aging men." Physiol Behav (2011):1059-64.
  66. Bhattacharyya, TK., et al. "Epidermal Cell Proliferation in Calorie-Restricted Aging Rats." Curr Aging Sci (2011)Aug 12.
  67. Eposito K., et al. "Mediterranean diet and weight loss: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials." Metabol Syn Rel Disord (2011): 1-12.
  68. Galland, L., "Diet and inflammation." Nutr Clin Pract (2010): 634-40.
  69. Nordmann, AJ., et al. "Meta-analysis comparing Mediterranean to low-fat diets for modification of cardiovascular risk factors." Am J Med (2011): 841-51.
  70. Kastorini, CM., et al. "The effect of Mediterranean diet on metabolic syndrome and its components: a meta-analysis of 50 studies and 534,906 individuals." J Am Coll Cardiol (2011): 1299-313.
  71. Lucas, L., et al. "Molecular mechanisms of inflammation. Anti-inflammatory benefits of virgin olive oil and the phenolic compound oleocanthal."Curr Pharm Des (2011): 754-68.
  72. Bouilly-Gauthier, D., et al. "Clinical evidence of benefits of a dietary supplement containing probiotic and carotenoids on ultraviolet-induced skin damage." Br J Dermatol (2010):536-43.
  73. Reid, G., "Microbiota restoration: natural and supplemented recovery of human microbial." Nat Rev Microbiol (2011): 27-38.
  74. Gueniche, A., et al. "Lactobacillus paracasei CNCM I-2116 (ST11) inhibits substance P-induced skin inflammation and accelerates skin barrier function recovery in vitro." Eur J Dermatol (2010): 731-7.
  75. Nermes, et al. "Interaction of orally administered Lacotbacillus rhanmosus GG with skin and gut microbiota and humoral immunity in infants with atopic dermatitis." Clin Exp Allergy (2011): 370-7
  76. Phillipe, D. "Oral Lactobacillus paracasei improves skin barrier function recovery and reduces local skin inflammation." Eur J Dermatol (2011): 279-80
  77. Peguet-Navarro, J., et al. "Supplementation with oral probiotic bacteria protects human cutaneous immune homeostasis after UV exposure-double blind, randomized placebo controlled clinical trial." (2008): 504-11.
  78. Sachs, DL., et al."Age-reversing drugs and devices in dermatology." Clin Pharmacol Ther (2011): 34-43.
  79. Lipozencic, J, et al. "Corrective dermatology today." Acta Clin Croat (2010): 519-23.
  80. Briden, ME., "Alpha-hroxyacid chemical peeling agents: case studies and rationale for safe and effective use." Cutis (2004): 18-24.
  81. Brightman, LA., et al. "Ablative and fractional ablative lasers." Dermatol Clin (2009): 479-80.
  82. Sturm, LP., "A systematic review of dermal fillers for age related lines and wrinkles." ANZ J Surg (2011): 9-17.
  83. Lataillade, JJ., et al."Skin engineering for burns treatment." Bull Acad Natl Med (2010): 1339-51.
  84. Kim JH et al. Adipose-derived stem cells as a new therapeutic modality for ageing skin. Exp Dermatol. 2011 May;20(5):383-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0625.2010.01221.x. Epub 2011 Feb 28.
  85. Zhong, J., et al. "A novel promising therapy for skin aging: dermal multipotent stem cells against photoaged skin by activation of TGF-β/Smad and p38 MAPK signaling pathway. Med Hypothes (2011): 343-6.
  86. Sator, PG., et al. "A prospective, randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study on the influence of a hormone replacement therapy on skin aging in post menopausal women." Climacteric (2007): 320-34.
  87. Patriarca, MT., et al. "Effects of topical estradiol on the facial skin collagen of postmenopausal women under oral hormone therapy: a pilot study." Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol (2007): 202-5.
  88. Creidi, P., et al. "Effect of conjugated oestrogen (Premarin) cream on ageing facial skin. A comparative with placebo cream." Maturitas (1994): 211-223.
  89. Dunn, et al. "Does estrogen prevent skin aging?" Results from the First National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey. Arch Dermatol. (1997): 339-342.
  90. Labrie F et al. Intracrinology and the skin. Horm Res. 2000;54(5-6):218-29.
  91. Araneo BA et al. Dehydroepiandrosterone reduces progressive dermal ischemia caused by thermal injury. J Surg Res. 1995 Aug;59(2):250-62.
  92. Schwartz AG et al. Food restriction inhibits [3H] 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene binding to mouse skin DNA and tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate stimulation of epidermal [3H] thymidine incorporation. Anticancer Res. 1986 Nov-Dec;6(6):1279-82.
  93. Schwartz, A.G., Pashko, L., Whitcomb, J.M. Inhibition of tumor development by dehydroepiandrosterone and related steroids. Toxicol. Pathol. 1986; 14(3): 357-62.
  94. Hastings, L.A., Pashko, L.L., Lewbart, M.L., Schwartz, A.G. Dehydroepiandrosterone and two structural analogs inhibit 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate stimulation of prostaglandin E2 content in mouse skin. Carcinogenesis 1988 Jun; 9(6): 1099-1102.
  95. Pashko, L.L., Hard, G.C., Rovito, R.J. et al. Inhibition of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced skin papillomas and carcinomas by dehydroepiandrosterone and 3-beta-methylandrost-5-en-17-one in mice. Cancer Res. 1985 Jan; 45(1): 164-6.
  96. Pashko, L.L., Lewbart, M.L., Schwartz, A.G. Inhibition of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-promoted skin tumor formation in mice by 16 alpha-fluoro-5-androsten-17-one and its reversal by deoxyribonucleosides. Carcinogenesis 1991 Nov; 12(11): 2189-92.
  97. Nouveau S et al. Effects of topical DHEA on aging skin: a pilot study. Maturitas. 2008 Feb 20;59(2):174-81. Epub 2008 Feb 1.
  98. Fischer, T., Wigger-Alberti, W., Elsner, P. Melatonin in dermatology. Experimental and clinical aspects. Hautarzt 1999 Jan; 50(1): 5-11 (in German).
  99. Bangha, E., Elsner, P., Kistler, G.S. Suppression of UV-induced erythema by topical treatment with melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine). Influence of the application time point. Dermatology 1997; 195(3): 248-52.
  100. Scott, D.E., Vaughan, G.M., Pruitt, B.A., Jr. Hypothalamic neuroendocrine correlates of cutaneous burn injury in the rat. I. Scanning electron microscopy. Brain Res. Bull. 1986 Sep; 17(3): 367-78.
  101. Aoki K. et al. Exogenous melatonin administration modifies cutaneous vasoconstrictor response to whole body skin cooling in humans. J Pineal Res. 2008 Mar;44(2):141-8.
  102. Sener G et al. Melatonin protects against pressure ulcer-induced oxidative injury of the skin and remote organs in rats. J Pineal Res. 2006 Apr;40(3):280-7.
  103. Madhere, S., et al. "A Market Overview of Nutricosmetics." Cos Dermatol (2010) 268-274.
  104. Lima, CF., et al. "Curcumin induces heme oxygenase-1 in normal human skin fibroblasts through redox signaling: relevance for anti-aging intervention." Mol Nutr Food Res (2011): 430-42.
  105. Mac-Mary, M., et al. "Could a photobiological test be a suitable method to assess the anti-oxidant effect of a nutritional supplement (Glisodin®)?" Eur J Dermatol (2007)Volume 17, Number 2
  106. Pillai A, Gupta S. Antioxidant enzyme activity and lipid peroxidation in liver of female rats co-exposed to lead and cadmium: effects of vitamin E and Mn2+. Free Radic Res. 2005;39(7):707-12.
  107. Sarici, G., et al. "Oxidative stress in acne vulgaris." J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol (2010 ): 763-7.
  108. Smith, RN. "The effect of a high-protein, low glycemic-load diet versus a conventional, high glycemic-load diet on biochemical parameters associated with acne vulgaris: a randomized, investigator-masked, controlled trial." J Am Acad Dermatol (2007): 247-56.
  109. Ross, AB., et al. "Lycopene bioavailability and metabolism in humans: an accelerator massspectrometry study. Am J Clin Nutr (2011):1263-73.
  110. Rizwan, M., et al. "Tomato paste rich in lycopene protects against cutaneous photodamage in humans invivo: a randomized controlled trial." Br J Dermatol (2011):154-58.
  111. Riso, P., et al."Effect of a tomato-based drink on markers of inflammation, immunomodulation, and oxidative stress." J. Agric (2006): 2563-6.
  112. Rusciani, L., et al."Low plasma coenzyme Q10 levels as an independent prognostic factor for melanoma progression." J Am Acad Dermatol (2006): 234-41.
  113. Goldfaden, et al. "Optimal Skin Protection with Vitamin D." Life Ext Mag. June (2010).
  114. Cashman, KD., "Estimation of the dietary requirement for Vitamin D in healthy adults." Am J Clin Nutr (2008):1535-42.
  115. Sage, et al. "Therapeutic Hotline: Recommendations on photoprotection and Vitamin D." Dermatol Ther (2010): 82-5.
  116. Hagenqu, T. "Global Vitamin D levels in relation to age, gender, skin pigmentation and latitude: an ecological meta analysis." Osteoporos Int (2009): 133-40.
  117. Katiyar, SK. "Green tea prevents non-melanoma skin cancer by enhancing DNA repair." Arch Biochem Biophys (2011):152-8.
  118. Singh, H., et al. "Green tea catechin, epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG): Mechanisms, perspectives and clinical applications." Biochem Pharmacol. (2011)
  119. Singh, T., et al. "Green Tea Catechins Reduce Invasive Potential of Human Melanoma Cells by Targeting COX-2, PGE(2) Receptors and Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition." PLoS One. (2011):25224.
  120. Choudhury, et al. "(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate and DZNep reduce polycomb protein level via a proteasome-dependent mechanism in skin cancer cells." Carcinogenesis (2011):1525-32.
  121. Heinrich, U., et al. "Green tea polyphenols provide photoprotection, increase microcirculation, and modulate skin properties of women." J Nutr (2011):1202-8.
  122. Caccialanza, M., et al. "Oral polypodium leucotomos extract photoprotective activity in 57 patients with idiopathic photodermatoses." G Ital Dermatol Venereol (2011):85-7.
  123. Gonzalez, S., et al. "Mechanistic insights in the use of a Polypodium leucotomos extract as an oral and topical photoprotective agent." Photochem Photobiol Sci (2010): 559-63.
  124. Reuter, J., et al. "Which plant for which skin disease? Part 2: Dermatophytes, chronic venous insufficiency, photoprotection, actinic keratoses, vitiligo, hair loss, cosmetic indications." J Dtsch Dermatol Ges (2010): 866-73.
  125. Middelkamp-Hup MA et al. Oral Polypodium leucotomos extract decreases ultraviolet-induced damage of human skin. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004 Dec;51(6):910-8.
  126. Tanew A et al. Oral administration of a hydrophilic extract of Polypodium leucotomos for the prevention of polymorphic light eruption. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2011 Jun 20. [Epub ahead of print]
  127. Zattra E et al. Polypodium leucotomos extract decreases UV-induced Cox-2 expression and inflammation, enhances DNA repair, and decreases mutagenesis in hairless mice. Am J Pathol. 2009 Nov;175(5):1952-61. Epub 2009 Oct 1.
  128. Bak, H., et al. "Altered epidermal lipid layers induced by long-term exposure to suberythemal-dose ultraviolet." Int J Dermatol (2011):832-7.
  129. Jennemann, R., et al. "Loss of ceramide synthase 3 causes lethal skin barrier disruption." Hum Mol Genet. (2011)
  130. Cho HJ., et al ."Quantitative study of stratum corneum ceramides contents in patients with sensitive skin." J Dermatol (2011)
  131. Guillou, S., et al. "The moisturizing effect of a wheat extract food supplement on women's skin: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial." Int J Cosmet Sci (2011): 138-43.
  132. Accorsi-Neto, A., et al. "Effects of isoflavones on the skin of postmenopausal women: a pilot study." Clinics (Sao Paulo) (2009):505-10.
  133. Sudel, KM., et al. "Novel aspects of intrinsic and extrinsic aging of human skin: beneficial effects of soy extract." Photochem Photobiol. 2005 May-Jun;81(3):581-7.
  134. Izumi, T., et al. "Oral intake of soy isoflavone improves the aged skin of adult women." J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (2007): 57-62.
  135. Bruce, S., "Cosmeceuticals for the attenuation of extrinsic and intrinsic dermal aging." J Drugs Dermatol (2008): s17-22.
  136. Darlenski, R., et al. "Topical retinoids in the management of photodamaged skin: from theory to evidence based practical approach." Br J Dermatol (2010): 1157-65.
  137. Amer, M., et al. "Cosmeceuticals versus pharmaceuticals." Clin Dermatol (2009):428-30.
  138. Benson, et al. "Skin Peptides; Biological Activity and Therapeutic Opportunities." J of Pharma Sci (2007): 2524-42.
  139. Berson, DS., "Natural Antioxidants." J Drugs Dermatol (2008): s7-12.
  140. Bruce, S., "Cosmeceuticals for the attenuation of extrinsic and intrinsic dermal aging." J Drugs Dermatol (2008): s17-22.
  141. Antoniou, C, et al. "Photoaging: prevention and topical treatments." Am J Clin Dermatol (2010):95-102.
  142. Namjoshi, S., et al. "Cyclic peptides as potential therapeutic agents for skin disorders. Biopolymers (2010): 673-80.
  143. Stein J. WCD: Palmitoyl Pentapeptide Challenges Retinol as a Treatment for Photo-aged Skin. July, 2002. Available at: http://www.pslgroup.com/dg/2177e6.htm . Accessed 12/15/2011.
  144. Blanes, et al. "A Synthetic hesapeptide (Argireline) with antiwrinkle activity." Int J Cosmet Sci (2002): 303-10.
  145. Ruiz,,et al. "Evaluation of the anti-wrinkle efficacy of cosmetic formulations with an anti-aging peptide (Argireline®)." ARS Pharmaceutica (2010): 168-176.
  146. Product monograph: Matrixyl® synthe’6TM. Sederma. Wrinkle filling by stimulation of the synthesis of 6 major structural components of the skin. Cited 2011.
  147. Pavicic T, Gauglitz GG, Lersch P. Efficacy of cream-based novel formulations of hyaluronic Acid of different molecular weights in anti-wrinkle treatment. J Drugs Dermatol. 2011 Sep 1;10(9):990-1000.
  148. Hylasome® EG10 Monograph. Product monograph: Hylasome® EG10. LIPO. Excellent Moisturizing Through the Delivery of Water. [No date]
  149. Product monograph: Vegetal Filling Sphere [sic]. Coletica. March 30, 2005.
  150. Kasuyama K, Tomofuji T, Ekuni D, et al. “Effects of topical application of inorganic polyphosphate on tissue remodeling in rat inflamed gingiva.” J Periodontal Res. 2012;47(2):159-64.
  151. Atkin, DH., et al. "Combination of physiologically balanced growth factors with antioxidants for reversal of facial photodamage." J Cosmet Laser Ther (2010):14-20.
  152. Graf, J., "Antioxidants and skin care: the essentials." Plast Reconstr Surg (2010): 378-83.
  153. Kerscher, M., et al. "Anti-aging creams. What really helps?" Hautarzt (2011): 607-13.
  154. Kohen, et al." Protective Effects of a Cream containing Dead Sea Minerals against UVB-induced stress in human skin." (2009): 781-8.
  155. Camouse, MM., "Topical application of green and white tea extracts provides protection from solar-simulated ultraviolet light in human skin." Exp Dermatol (2009): 522-6.
  156. Haftek, M., "Clinical, biometric and structural evaluation of the long-term effects of a topical treatment with ascorbic acid and madecassoside in photodamaged human skin." Exp Dermatol (2008): 946-52.
  157. Oresajo, C., "Protective effects of a topical antioxidant mixture containing vitamin C, ferulic acid and phloretin against ultraviolet-induced photodamage in skin." J Cosmet Dermatol (2008): 290-7.
  158. Oresajo, C., et al. "Complementary effects of antioxidants and sunscreens in reducing UV-induced skin damage as demonstrated by skin biomarker expression." J Cosmet Laser Ther (2010): 157-62.
  159. Puizina-Ivic, N., el al. "Modern approach to topical treatment of aging skin." Coll Antropol. (2010):1145-53.
  160. Yuan, XY., "Topical Grape Seed Proanthocyandin Extract Reduces Sunburn Cells and Mutant p53 Positive Eperidermal Cell Formation, and Prevents Depletion of Langerhans Cells in an Acute Sunburn Model." Photomed Laser Surg (2011): Nov, 21st.
  161. Beitner, H., "Randomized, placebo controlled, double blind study on the clinical efficacy of a cream containing 5% alpha lipoic acid related to photoageing of facial skin." Br J Dermatol (2003): 841-9.
  162. Trabucchi, E., et al. Low molecular weight hyaluronic acid prevents oxygen free radical damage to granulation tissue during wound healing. Int J Tissue React.(2002): 65-71.
  163. Smith, KC.."Reversible vs. Nonreversible fillers in facial aesthetics: concerns and considerations." Dermatol Online J (2008): 14(8):3.
  164. Tuttle, D., "Scientifically Advanced Skin Care." Life Extension Magazine (2007).
  165. Lagouge M et al. Lagouge M, Argmann C, Gerhart-Hines Z, et al. Resveratrol improves mitochondrial function and protects against metabolic disease by activating SIRT1 and PGC-1alpha. Cell. Dec. 2006;127(6):1109-22.
  166. Jang M et al. Jang M, Cai L, Udeani GO, et al. Cancer chemopreventive activity of resveratrol, a natural product derived from grapes. Science. 1997;275(5297):218-20.
  167. Product monograph: MetabioticsTM Resveratrol. Arch Personal Care Products, L.P. Jan. 29, 2009.