Studies published in a recent issue of JAMA reveal a decreased risk of Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive decline among individuals who report greater adherence to a Mediterranean diet.
In one study, Nikolaos Scarmeas, MD and his associates found that greater physical activity was associated with a lower risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease among 1,880 elderly men and women. When adherence to a Mediterranean diet was analyzed, those in the top third had experienced a 40% reduction compared to the lowest third.*
In a second study, greater adherence to a Mediterranean diet was associated with a reduction in cognitive decline.*
“The findings of Scarmeas, et al and Féart, et al fit into a larger and potentially optimistic view of prevention of late-life cognitive impairment through application, at least by midlife, of as many healthy behaviors as possible, including diet,” David S. Knopman, MD, concluded in an accompanying editorial.*