By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Diabetes Week -- Current study results on Diabetes have been published. According to news originating from Karnataka, India, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "Deficient ascorbic acid levels (AALs) and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are associated with periodontal disease. This study evaluated the relationship between plasma AAL and periodontitis in systemically healthy and T2DM subjects, which to the best of our knowledge is being reported for the first time."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the College of Dental Sciences, "One hundred twenty subjects were categorized into four groups of 30 each as group 1: without periodontal disease; group 2: chronic gingivitis; group 3: chronic periodontitis, and group 4: chronic periodontitis and freshly diagnosed T2DM. Plaque index (PlI), sulcus bleeding index (SBI), and probing pocket depths (PPDs) were evaluated. Venous blood was evaluated for plasma AAL spectrophotometrically. Randomized subjects were subgrouped within groups 2-4, to receive either scaling and root planing (SRP) with dietary supplementation (450 mg) of ascorbic acid (AA) for two weeks or only SRP. After two weeks, the clinical parameters were reassessed. Tukey's multiple post hoc procedures and paired t test were used with the level of statistical significance adjusted to p ? .05. AAL plasma levels were significantly greater in group 1 than in group 2 (p=.0007) and in group 4 (p=.0003). A significant reduction in the SBI was seen in the subgroups that received dietary supplementation of vitamin C within group 2 (p=.0012) and group 4 (p=.036). Plasma AAL is below the normal range in systemically healthy subjects with gingivitis and diabetics with periodontitis."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Dietary AA supplementation with SRP improves the SBI in subjects with gingivitis and diabetics with periodontitis."
For more information on this research see: A short-term evaluation of the relationship between plasma ascorbic acid levels and periodontal disease in systemically healthy and type 2 diabetes mellitus subjects. Journal of Dietary Supplements, 2013;10(2):93-104 (see also Diabetes).
The news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained from N.H. Gokhale, Dept. of Periodontics, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Dental Sciences & Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad, Karnataka, India. Additional authors for this research include A.B. Acharya, V.S. Patil, D.J. Trivedi and S.L Thakur.
Keywords for this news article include: Asia, India, Blood, Plasma, Karnataka, Gingivitis, Sugar Acids, Ascorbic Acid, Endocrinology, Periodontitis, Mouth Diseases, Metabolic Diseases, Periodontal Diseases, Stomatognathic Diseases, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Endocrine System Diseases, Glucose Metabolism Disorders, Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus.
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