By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Malaria Weekly -- Fresh data on Mosquito-Borne Diseases are presented in a new report. According to news reporting originating in Madison, Wisconsin, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among young children and is estimated to cause at least 1 million deaths each year especially among pregnant women and young children under the age of five years. Vitamin A supplementation is known to reduce morbidity and mortality in young children."
The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from the University of Wisconsin, "Zinc is required for growth and immunity and we sought to replicate the study by Zeba et al. which showed 30% lower cases of clinical malaria in children on a combination of zinc and a large dose of vitamin A compared with children on vitamin A alone based on the hypothesis that combined vitamin A and zinc reduced symptomatic malaria compared to vitamin A alone. The primary objective was to determine the effect of vitamin A alone vs. vitamin A and zinc supplements on the incidence of clinical malaria and other anthropometric indices. It also sought to assess the effects on the incidence of anaemia, diarrhoea and pneumonia. The study was community-based and 200 children between the ages of 6-24 months were randomised to receive either vitamin A (100,000 IU for infants less than 12 months & 200,000 IU for children greater than 12 months and 10 mg daily zinc in the intervention group or vitamin A and zinc placebo for 6 months in the control group. The number of children who were diagnosed with uncomplicated malaria in the intervention group was 27% significantly lower compared with the children in the control group (p = 0.03). There were, however, no effects on severe malaria, pneumonia, anaemia and diarrhea."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "Our study confirms a significant role of vitamin A and zinc in reducing malaria morbidity."
For more information on this research see: Impact of vitamin A with zinc supplementation on malaria morbidity in Ghana. Nutrition Journal, 2013;12():1-9. Nutrition Journal can be contacted at: Biomed Central Ltd, 236 Grays Inn Rd, Floor 6, London WC1X 8HL, England. (BioMed Central - www.biomedcentral.com/; Nutrition Journal - www.nutritionj.com)
Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting S. Owusu-Agyei, University of Wisconsin, Dept. of Nutr Sci, Madison, WI 53706, United States. Additional authors for this research include S. Newton, E. Mahama, L.G. Febir, M. Ali, K. Adjei, K. Tchum, L. Alhassan, T. Moleah and S.A. Tanumihardjo (see also Mosquito-Borne Diseases).
Keywords for this news article include: Madison, Malaria, Wisconsin, Vitamin A, United States, Protozoan Infections, Mosquito-Borne Diseases, North and Central America
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