By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Health & Medicine Week -- A new study on Diet and Nutrition is now available. According to news reporting originating in Greenville, North Carolina, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "Individuals following vegetarian diets are at risk for developing vitamin B12 deficiency owing to suboptimal intake. As vitamin 812 is essential for the synthesis of nucleic acids, erythrocytes and in the maintenance of myelin, deficiency may result in a variety of symptoms."
The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from East Carolina University, "Some of these symptoms may be severe while others may be irreversible. The objective of this review Was to assess vitamin B12 deficiency, based on reported serum vitamin B12, among individuals adhering to different types of vegetarian diets. A systematic literature search was carried out using multiple search engines including PubMed, Medline, CINAHL plus, ERIC, Nursing and Allied Health Collection and Nursing/Academic Edition. The inclusion criteria consisted of original studies that assessed serum vitamin B12, studies written in English, non-case studies and studies that reported actual percentages of vitamin B12 deficiency. Forty research studies were included. The deficiency prevalence among infants reached 45%. The deficiency among the children and adolescents ranged from 0 to 33.3%. Deficiency among pregnant women ranged from 17 to 39%, dependent on the trimester. Adults and elderly individuals had a deficiency range of 0-86.5%. Higher deficiency prevalence was reported in vegans than in other vegetarians. Thus, with few exceptions, the reviewed studies documented relatively high deficiency prevalence among vegetarians. Vegans who do not ingest vitamin B12 supplements were found to be at especially high risk. Vegetarians, especially vegans, should give strong consideration to the use of vitamin B12 supplements to ensure adequate vitamin B12 intake."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "Vegetarians, regardless of the type of vegetarian diet they adhere to, should be screened for vitamin B12 deficiency."
For more information on this research see: The prevalence of cobalamin deficiency among vegetarians assessed by serum vitamin B12: a review of literature. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2014;68(5):541-548. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition can be contacted at: Nature Publishing Group, Macmillan Building, 4 Crinan St, London N1 9XW, England. (Nature Publishing Group - www.nature.com/; European Journal of Clinical Nutrition - www.nature.com/ejcn/)
Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting R. Pawlak, East Carolina University, Dept. of Nutr Sci, Greenville, NC 27858, United States. Additional authors for this research include S.E. Lester and T. Babatunde (see also Diet and Nutrition).
Keywords for this news article include: Greenville, United States, North Carolina, Diet and Nutrition, North and Central America
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