By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Cardiovascular Week -- Current study results on Weight Loss have been published. According to news reporting out of Chapel Hill, North Carolina, by NewsRx editors, research stated, "Weight gain increases the prevalence of obesity, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Nevertheless, unintentional weight loss can be a harbinger of health problems."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the University of North Carolina, "The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (1987-2009) included 15,792 US adults aged 45-64 years at baseline and was used to compare associations of long-term (30 years) and short-term (3 years) weight change with the risks of coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischemic stroke. Age-, gender-, and race-standardized incidence rates were 4.9 (95% confidence interval (CI): 4.6, 5.2) per 1,000 person-years for CHD and 2.5 (95% CI: 2.3, 2.8) per 1,000 person-years for stroke. After controlling for baseline body mass index and other covariates, long-term weight gain (since age 25 years) of more than 2.7% was associated with elevated CHD risk, and any long-term weight gain was associated with increased stroke risk. Among middle-aged adults, short-term (3-year) weight loss of more than 3% was associated with elevated immediate CHD risk (hazard ratio=1.46, 95% CI: 1.18, 1.81) and stroke risk (hazard ratio=1.45, 95% CI: 1.10, 1.92). Risk tended to be larger in adults whose weight loss did not occur through dieting."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Avoidance of weight gain between early and middle adulthood can reduce risks of CHD and stroke, but short-term, unintentional weight loss in middle adulthood may be an indicator of immediate elevated risk that has not previously been well recognized."
For more information on this research see: Long- and short-term weight change and incident coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 2013;178(2):239-48. (Oxford University Press - www.oup.com/; American Journal of Epidemiology - aje.oxfordjournals.org)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting J. Stevens, Dept. of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2207 McGavran-Greenberg Hall, CB 7461, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, United States. Additional authors for this research include E. Erber, K.P. Truesdale, C.H. Wang and J. Cai (see also Weight Loss).
Keywords for this news article include: Chapel Hill, Weight Gain, Weight Loss, United States, North Carolina, Atherosclerosis, Arteriosclerosis, Cardiovascular Diseases, North and Central America, Arterial Occlusive Diseases.
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