By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Obesity, Fitness & Wellness Week -- A new study on Respiratory Tract Diseases and Conditions is now available. According to news reporting originating from Maastricht, Netherlands, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "A poor dietary quality may accelerate disturbances in body composition in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but only limited studies have investigated dietary intake from this perspective. The objective of the current study was to investigate dietary intake in relation to low fat-free mass and abdominal obesity in COPD."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from Maastricht University Hospital, "Dietary intake was assessed by means of a cross-check dietary history method in 564 COPD patients referred for pulmonary rehabilitation. The Dutch Food Composition Database was used to calculate nutrient intake, which was compared with the 2006 recommendations from the Dutch Health Council. Body composition was assessed by DEXA scan. In general, the reported intake of macronutrients represented a typical western diet. With regard to micronutrients, vitamin D and calcium intakes were below the recommended levels in the majority of patients (>75%), whereas vitamin A, C and E intakes were below the recommended levels in over one-third of patients. Patients with inadequate vitamin D intake more frequently reported a low intake of protein (p=0.02) and micronutrients (p <0.001). Patients with a low fat-free mass index (FFMI) more often had low intake of protein, while abdominally obese patients more often had low intake of protein and most micronutrients (p <0.05). Patients with both low FFMI and abdominal obesity appeared most often to be consuming a poor-quality diet."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Our data indicate that dietary quality is low in COPD patients referred for pulmonary rehabilitation and differs between patients with different body composition profiles."
For more information on this research see: Quality of dietary intake in relation to body composition in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease eligible for pulmonary rehabilitation. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2014;68(2):159-65. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition can be contacted at: Nature Publishing Group, 345 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010-1707, USA. (Nature Publishing Group - www.nature.com/; European Journal of Clinical Nutrition - www.nature.com/ejcn/)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting C. van de Bool, Dept. of Respiratory Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre +, NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht, Netherlands. Additional authors for this research include C. Mattijssen-Verdonschot, P.P. van Melick, M.A. Spruit, F.M. Franssen, E.F. Wouters, A.M. Schols and E.P Rutten (see also Respiratory Tract Diseases and Conditions).
Publisher contact information for the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition is: Nature Publishing Group, 345 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010-1707, USA.
Keywords for this news article include: Europe, Maastricht, Netherlands, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Respiratory Tract Diseases and Conditions.
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