Investigators at Institute of Food Technology Describe Findings in Minerals (Consumption of oral hospital diets and percent adequacy of minerals in oncology patients as an indicative for the use of oral supplements)
By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Clinical Oncology Week -- Research findings on Minerals are discussed in a new report. According to news originating from Sao Paulo, Brazil, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "Deficiencies in the consumption of foods and nutrients favor malnutrition in patients. Considering the recommendations for the ingestion of minerals, the content, consumption and percent adequacy of the minerals (Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, K, P, Na, Zn and Se) were evaluated amongst oncology patients who received oral diets isolated or associated with an oral food complement (OFC), evaluating the need and composition of an oral supplement."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the Institute of Food Technology, "The mineral composition as determined by ICP-OES, and the food consumption of the patients served regular, bland and soft diets, were evaluated on six non-consecutive weekdays. Patients with increased nutritional needs received OFC. The consumptions were calculated by deducting the weight of the leftovers from the value served. A total of 163 patients took part of which 59.5% were men, the mean age was 57 +/- 15 years old, and 126 (77.3%), 27 (16.6%) and 10 (6.1%) were served the regular, bland and soft diets, respectively, with (23.0%), 8 (30.7%) and 4 (40.0%) receiving the OFC. Patient consumption was lower when the regular (74.2 vs 79.7%) and soft (68.9 vs 742%) diets were combined with OFC. For all diets, less was consumed at the lunch (61.2%-65.7%) and dinner (39.9%-62.8%) meals. Patients that received the OFC showed reduced meal consumption and higher Ca ingestion. The mineral contents of the diets were inadequate, with 66.8% of the patients ingesting Na above the UL and K below the nutritional recommendation (100%)."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "The diet consumption, isolated or associated with OFC was insufficient, and hence the exclusion of OFC and the inclusion of a mineral supplement (without P and Na) was indicated to adequate ingestion to the nutritional recommendations."
For more information on this research see: Consumption of oral hospital diets and percent adequacy of minerals in oncology patients as an indicative for the use of oral supplements. Clinical Nutrition, 2014;33(4):655-661. Clinical Nutrition can be contacted at: Churchill Livingstone, Journal Production Dept, Robert Stevenson House, 1-3 Baxters Place, Leith Walk, Edinburgh EH1 3AF, Midlothian, Scotland. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Clinical Nutrition - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/623017)
The news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained from J.S.M. de Sa, Center Foods Sci & Qual, Inst Food Technol ITAL, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Additional authors for this research include D.C.F. Moreira, K.A.L. Silva, M.A. Morgano and K.D. Quintaes (see also Minerals).
Keywords for this news article include: Brazil, Minerals, Oncology, Sao Paulo, South America, Inorganic Chemicals
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