There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Underlying either form of diabetes is a disorder of insulin production, use, or both. Insulin is a hormone responsible for transporting glucose into cells. When there is excess glucose in the blood, insulin is secreted from the pancreas and signals the liver and muscles to store glucose as glycogen. Insulin also stimulates adipose tissue to store glucose as fat for long-term energy reserves. Insulin receptors are found in all cells throughout the body. In a healthy person, blood glucose levels are extremely stable (Kumar V et al 2005). Normal fasting glucose levels range between 70 and 100 mg/dL.
Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, formerly known as insulin-dependent diabetes, is an autoimmune condition that occurs when the body attacks and destroys the cells (called beta cells) that make insulin. Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 5 to 10 percent of cases. Because type 1 diabetics can no longer make insulin, insulin replacement therapy is essential.
Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, formerly known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes, occurs when the body is no longer able to use insulin effectively and gradually becomes resistant to its effects. It is a slowly progressing disease that goes through identifiable stages. In the early stages of diabetes, both insulin and glucose levels are elevated (conditions called hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia, respectively). In the later stages, insulin levels are reduced, and blood glucose levels are very elevated. Although few people are aware of this crucial distinction, therapy for type 2 diabetes should be tailored to the stage of the disease.
Glycation and oxidative stress are central to the damage caused by diabetes. Unfortunately, neither of them figures into conventional treatment for diabetes, which is generally concerned only with blood sugar control.
In one clinical study, vitamin C significantly increased blood flow and decreased inflammation in patients with both diabetes and coronary artery disease (Antoniades C et al 2004). Three studies suggest that vitamin C, along with a combination of vitamins and minerals (Farvid MS et al 2004), reduces blood pressure in people with diabetes (Mullan BA et al 2002) and increases blood vessel elasticity and blood flow (Mullan BA et al 2004).
Yes, We Can . . . Think Outside the Box
A conference on science-based medicine, Nova University, Fort Lauderdale, Florida
October 3-4, 2009
Topics Will Include:
- Evolution of bio-identical hormone therapy
- Stepping above the standard of care: By the book
- Genomics: A key to personalized and individualized medicine
- Endocrinology: The things we never learned in school about balancing our glands and hormones
- What’s best for your practice and your patient: The legal and political ramifications
- Neurotransmitters: The biochemistry and balancing of Your body’s messengers
- “Let Your Food Be Your Medicine and Your Medicine Be Your Food”: Yes, Clinical Nutrition is Science-Based
- What’s Best for Your Practice & Your Patient: The Legal and Political Ramifications
- Compounded Medications: The Bioavailability and Other Considerations When Choosing How to Design Protocols for Your Patients
- Testing: New Advances in Testing Including Saliva, Urine, Hair, Feces and Blood
- Amazing New Advances in Weight Loss Using Herbs
- Vitamin D…the Little-Known Hormone that May Save Your Life
- Putting Nutraceuticals and Natural Products into Your Practice
- Mood Therapies/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Obesity and GI Disorders
For those conference participants who might need to book accommodations, Life Extension has secured a special rate of $89 per night for a limited number of rooms at The Westin Fort Lauderdale. Additional days at this rate before or after the event will be based on availability. Reservations must be made by September 2, 2009. Shuttle service to and from Nova University will be provided.
- Outdoor whirlpool
- WestinWORKOUT® gym
- Wake-up service available
- Luggage storage
- Express check-out
- And many more special features!
Call 1-800-791-4457 or visit http://www.levacations.com/product_info.php?products_id=721