The results of a prospective study presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress on August 27, 2012 indicate that the adoption of four healthy lifestyle factors can lower the risk of high blood pressure by 67 percent in men and 63 percent in women.
Professor Pekka Jousilahti of Finland's National Institute for Health and Welfare in Helsinki and his associates evaluated data from 9,637 Finnish men and 11,430 women aged 25 to 74 who did not have hypertension at the beginning of the study. Questionnaires provided data on alcohol intake, leisure time physical activity, vegetable consumption and weight. Over an average follow-up period of 16.1 years, high blood pressure developed in 709 men and 890 women.
Subjects who consumed less than 50 grams alcohol per week, engaged in physical activity during their leisure time thrice weekly or more, consumed vegetables on a daily basis and maintained a body mass index of less than 25 kg/m2 had an average risk of developing hypertension that was two thirds less than that of those who had none of these factors. "The risk of hypertension was only one third among those having all four healthy lifestyle factors compared to those having none," Dr Jousilahti stated. "Even having one to three healthy lifestyle factors reduced the risk of hypertension remarkably. For example having two healthy lifestyle factors reduced the risk of hypertension by nearly 50% in men and by more than 30% in women."
"Our study was focused on prevention of hypertension and therefore included subjects who did not have hypertension at baseline," Dr Jousilahti noted. "But the results should apply to the treatment of patients with hypertension, who can reduce their blood pressure by modifying the four lifestyle factors alone, or by making these modifications while taking blood pressure lowering medication."
Life Extension Blog
Is lycopene the next big thing in skin care? By Michael A. Smith, MD
Pink grapefruit, papaya, and (of course) tomatoes are all rich sources of lycopene. Recently, the unique chemical structure of this bright red carotene has been shown to protect against UV skin damage.
Skin that’s damaged by the sun loses its texture, tone and elasticity. Unfortunately, crow’s feet and deep wrinkles are usually soon to follow.
A new study conducted at Mount Sinai School of Medicine examined lycopene’s protective properties against UVB radiation when applied to the skin.
By activating a critical skin enzyme, lycopene was shown to protect the most important part of a skin cell — its DNA.
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