Health Concerns

Uterine Fibroids


Anonymous. Metformin extended release: metformin gastric retention, metformin GR, metformin XR. Drugs in R&D. 2005;6(5):316-319.

ATAC Trialists' Group (Arimidex, Tamoxifen Alone or in Combination). Anastrozole alone or in combination with tamoxifen versus tamoxifen alone for adjuvant treatment of postmenopausal women with early breast cancer: first results of the ATAC randomised trial. Lancet 2002 Jun 22; 359(9324): 2131-9; comment, Lancet 2002 Jun 22; 359(9234): 2126-7.

Beck E, Scheen AJ. [Metformin, an antidiabetic molecule with anti-cancer properties]. Revue medicale de Liege. Sep 2013;68(9):444-449.

CDC. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hysterectomy Surveillance --- United States, 1994--1999. 7/12/2002. Availabe at: Accessed 4/25/2014. 2002.

FDA. US Food and Drug Administration. FDA News Release: FDA discourages use of laparoscopic power morcellation for removal of uterus or uterine fibroids. 4/17/2014. Available at: Accessed 4/25/2014.

Gaba ND, Polite FG, Keller JM, Young AE. To err is human; to provide safe, quality, and cost-effective hysterectomy is divine! Clinical obstetrics and gynecology. Mar 2014;57(1):128-139.

Gerhard, I., Runnebaum, B. The limits of hormone substitution in pollutant exposure and fertility disorders. Zentralbl. Gynakol. 1992; 114(12): 593-602 (in German).

Glasser MH. Minilaparotomy: a minimally invasive alternative for major gynecologic abdominal surgery. Perm J. 2005 Winter;9(1):41-5.

Golan, A. GnRH analogues in the treatment of uterine fibroids. Hum. Reprod. 1996 Nov; 11(Suppl. 3): 33-41.

Goldin, B.R. Estrogen excretion patterns and plasma levels in vegetarian and omnivorous women. N. Engl. J. Med. 1982 Dec 16; 307(25): 1542-7.

Hawley SA, Gadalla AE, Olsen GS, Hardie DG. The antidiabetic drug metformin activates the AMP-activated protein kinase cascade via an adenine nucleotide-independent mechanism. Diabetes. Aug 2002;51(8):2420-2425.

Kho KA, Nezhat CH. Evaluating the risks of electric uterine morcellation. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association. Mar 5 2014;311(9):905-906.

Li B, Takeda T, Tsuiji K, Kondo A, Kitamura M, Wong TF, Yaegashi N. The antidiabetic drug metformin inhibits uterine leiomyoma cell proliferation via an AMP-activated protein kinase signaling pathway. Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology. Jan 2013;29(1):87-90.

Luo Z, Zang M, Guo W. AMPK as a metabolic tumor suppressor: control of metabolism and cell growth. Future oncology (London, England). Mar 2010;6(3):457-470.

Marshall, L.M. A prospective study of reproductive factors and oral contraceptive use in relation to the risk of uterine leiomyomata. Fertil. Steril. 1998 Sep; 70(3): 432-9.

Milad MP, Milad EA. Laparoscopic Morcellator-Related Complications. Journal of minimally invasive gynecology. Dec 9 2013.

Pollow, K., Geilfuss, J., Boquoi, E., Pollow, B. Estrogen and progesterone binding proteins in normal human myometrium and leiomyoma tissue. J. Clin. Chem. Clin. Biochem. 1978 Sep; 16(9): 503-11.

Reich H, Maher PJ, Wood C. Laparoscopic hysterectomy. Baillieres Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 1994 Dec;8(4):799-815.

Sadan, O. Oestrogen and progesterone receptor concentrations in leiomyoma and normal myometrium. Ann. Clin. Biochem. 1987 May; 24(Pt. 3): 263-7.

Serra, G.B. Efficacy of leuprorelin acetate depot in symptomatic fibromatous uteri: the Italian Multicentre Trial. Clin. Ther. 1992; 14(Suppl. A): 57-73.​

Takeda A, Mori M, Sakai K, Mitsui T, Nakamura H. Parasitic peritoneal leiomyomatosis diagnosed 6 years after laparoscopic myomectomy with electric tissue morcellation: report of a case and review of the literature. Journal of minimally invasive gynecology. Nov-Dec 2007;14(6):770-775.