Life Extension Blood Test Super Sale

Epilepsy

References

Abumaria N, Yin B et al. Effects of Elevation of Brain Magnesium on Fear Conditioning, Fear Extinction, and Synaptic Plasticity in the Infralimbic Prefrontal Cortex and Lateral Amygdala. Journal of Neuroscience 2011; 31(42): 14871-14881.

Ahmad S, Clarke L, Hewett AJ, Richens A. (1976) Controlled trial of furosemide as an antiepileptic drug in focal epilepsy. Br J Clin Pharmacol 3:621–625.

Alarcon G, Valentin A, et al. Is it worth pursuing surgery for epilepsy in patients with normal neuroimaging? J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2006 Apr;77(4):474-80.

Ambrósio AF, Silva AP, Araújo I, et al. Neurotoxic/neuroprotective profile of carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine and two new putative antiepileptic drugs, BIA 2-093 and BIA 2-024. Eur J Pharmacol. 2000 Oct;406(2):191-201.

Andrews DJ, Schonfeld WH. Predictive factors for controlling seizures using a behavioural approach. Seizure. 1992 Jun;1(2):111-6.

Apeland T, Mansoor MA et al. Antiepileptic Drugs as Independent Predictors of Plasma Total Homocysteine Levels. Epilepsy Research 2001; 47:27-36

Arida RM, Scorza FA et al. Physical Exercise in Epilepsy: What Kind of Stressor Is It? Epilepsy and behavior 2009. 16:381-387

Arida RM, Scorza FA et al. The Potential Role of Physical Exercise in the Treatment of Epilepsy. Epile[psy and Behavior 2010; 17:432-435

Asadi-Pooya AA, Minzer S, Sperling M. Nutritional supplements, foods, and epilepsy: Is there a relationship? Epilepsia. 2008;49(11):1819-27.

Asadi-Pooya AA. Risk Factors for Carbemazepine-Induced Leukopenia in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Neurology 2005. 3:233-235.

Auvin S. Fatty Acid Oxidation and Epilepsy. Epilepsy Research 2011

Bae EH, Schrader LM et al. Safety and Tolerability of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Patients with Epilepsy: A Review of the Literature. Epilepsy and Behavior 2007; 10(4) 521-528.

Banach M, Gurdziel E et al. Melatonin in Experimental Seizures and Epilepsy. Pharmacological Reports 2011; 63:1-11

Bank IM, Shemie SD, Rosenblatt B, Bernard C, Mackie AS. Sudden cardiac death in association with the ketogenic diet. Pediatr Neurol. 2008;39(6):429.

Benes J, Parada A, Figueiredo AA, et al. Anticonvulsant and sodium channel-blocking properties of novel 10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenz[b,f]azepine-5-carboxamide derivatives. J Med Chem. 1999 Jul;42(14):2582-7.

Bergqvist AG, Schall JI, Stallings VA. Vitamin D status in children with intractable epilepsy, and impact of the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia. 2007;48(1):66.

Bhalla D, Godet B et al. Etiologies of Epilepsy: A Comprehensive Review. Expert Reviews in Neurotherapeutics 2011. 11(6): 861-876.

Bhattacharjee N et al. A randomised comparative study between low-dose intravenous magnesium sulphate and standard intramuscular regimen for treatment of eclampsia. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2011 May;31(4):298-303.

Bialer M, Johannessen SI, Kupferberg HJ, et al. Progress report on new antiepileptic drugs: a summary of the Eigth Eilat Conference (EILAT VIII). Epilepsy Res. 2007;73(1):1-52.

Blaszczyk B. Influence of Coffee Drinking on Epilepsy Control. Journal of Clinical and Pre-Clinical Research 2007; 1(1): 098-099

Blondeau N, Widmann C, et al. Polyunsaturated fatty acids induce ischemic and epileptic tolerance. Neuroscience. 2002;109(2):231–41.

Bonilha L, Li LM. Heavy coffee drinking and epilepsy. Seizure. 2004;13(4):284-5.

Borges LF, Gucer G. Effect of magnesium on epileptic foci. Epilepsia 1978;19:81-91.

Bough KJ and Rho JM. Anticonvulsant Mechanisms of the Ketogenic Diet. Epilepsia 2007; 48(1):43-58

Brenner PJ and Snyder RD. Late EEG Findings and Clinical Status After Organic Mercury Poisoning. Archives of Neurology 1980; 37(5): 282-284.

Bromfeld E, Dworetzky et al. A Randomized Control Trial of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids For Refractory Epilepsy. Epilepsy and Behavior 2008; 12:187-190

Butchko HH, Stargel WW et al. Aspartame: Review of Safety. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 2002; 35: S1-S93

Camfield PR, Camfield CS, et al. Aspartame exacerbates EEG spike-wave discharge in children with generalized absence epilepsy: A double-blind controlled study. Neurology. 1992 May;42(5):1000–3.

Castilla-Guerrera L, Fernandez-Moreno MC et al. Electrolytes Disturbances and Seizures. Epilepsia 2006; 47(12):1990-1998

Chen R, Classen J et al. Depression of Motor Cortex Excitability by Low-Frequency Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. Neurology 1997; 48(5): 1398-1403.

Cheuk DK and Wong V. Acupuncture for Epilepsy. CochraneDatabase of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 4.

Chrościńska-Krawczyk M, Jargietto-Baszak M et al. Caffeine and the Anticonvulsant Potency of Antiepileptic Drugs: Experimental and Clinical Data. Pharmacological Reports 2011. 63:12-18

Chung IM et al. Neuroprotective effects of resveratrol derivatives from the roots of Vitis thunbergii var. sinuate against glutamate-induced neurotoxicity in primary cultured rat cortical cells. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2011 Sep;30(9):1404-8. Epub 2010 Nov 17.

ClinicalTrials.gov. Double Blind Crossover Study of Fish Oil [EPA and DHA] for Intractable Partial Seizures. Available at: http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00871377. Accessed January 22, 2012.

Costa-Latufo LV, Fonteles MM et al. Attenuating Effects of Melatonin on Pilocarpine-Induced Seizures in Rats. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 2002; 131:521-529

Cunha JM, Carlini EA et al. Chronic Administration of Cannabidiol to Healthy Volunteers and Epileptic Patients. Pharmacology 1980; 21(3):175-185.

Curia G, Biagini G, Perucca E, et al. Lacosamide: a new approach to target voltage-gated sodium currents in epileptic disorders. CNS Drugs 2009; 23: 555-68

De Herdt V, Poon P et al. Vagus Nerve Stimulation For Refractory Status Epilepticus. European Journal of Pediatric Neurology 2007:261-269

Diaz-Arrastia R. Homocysteine and Neurologic Disease. Archives of Neurology 2000;57:1422-1427

Djukic A. Folate-Responsive Neurologic Diseases. Pediatric Neurology 2007; 37:387-397

Duncan GE, Kohn H. The novel antiepileptic drug lacosamide blocks behavioral and brain metabolic manifestations of seizure activity in the 6 Hz psychomotor seizure model. Epilepsy Res. 2005 Oct-Nov;67(1-2):81–7.

El-Khayat HA, Soliman NA. Reproductive Hormonal Changes and Catamenial Pattern in Adolescent Females with Epilepsy. Epilepsia 2008; 49(9):1619-1626

Elliott RE, Carlson C et al. Refractory epilepsy in tuberous sclerosis: Vagus nerve stimulation with or without subsequent resective surgery. Epilepsy Behav. 2009 Nov;16(3):454-60.

Elsas SM, Gregory WL et al. Aura interruption: The Andrews/Reiter behavioral intervention may reduce seizures and improve quality of life — A pilot trial. Epilepsy and Behavior 2011; 22:765-772.

Epilepsy Foundation. Incidence and Prevalence 2010. Available at: http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/aboutepilepsy/whatisepilepsy/statistics.cfm. Accessed January 22, 2012

Erel T and Guralp O. Epilepsy and Menopause. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2011; 284:749-755

Errington AC, Stohr T, Heers C, et al. The investigational anticonvulsant lacosamide selectively enhances slow inactivation of voltage-gated sodium channels. Mol Pharmacol 2008; 73: 157-69

Fattore C, Perucca E. Novel medications for epilepsy. Drugs. 2011 Nov;71(16):2151-78.

Fauteck JD, Schmidt H et al. Melatonin In Epilepsy: First Results of Replacement Therapy and First Clinical Results. Biological Signals Receptors 1999; 8:105-110

Finocchi C and Ferrari M. Female Reproductive Steroids and Neuronal Excitability. Neurological Science 2011; 32:S31-S35

Fong CY, Mallick AA, Burren CP, et al. Evaluation and management of bone health in children with epilepsy on long-term antiepileptic drugs: United Kingdom survey of paediatric neurologists. European Journal of Pediatric Neurology 2011; 15(5):417-423

Francois LL, Manel V, et al. [Ketogenic regime as anti-epileptic treatment: Its use in 29 epileptic children]. Arch Pediatr. 2003 Apr;10(4):300–6. French.

Frucht MM, Quigg M, et al. Distribution of seizure precipitants among epilepsy syndromes. Epilepsia. 2000 Dec;41(12):1534–9.

Frye CA, Ryan A et al. Antiseizure effects of 3a-androstanediol and/or 17b-estradiol may involve actionsat estrogen receptor b. Epilepsy and Behavior 2009; 16:418-422

Fukao K, Inoue Y et al. Magnetoencephalographic correlates of different types of aura in temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2010; 51(9): 1846-51

Gaby AR. Natural Approaches to Epilepsy. Alternative Medicine Review. 2007; 12(1):9-24.

Gilboa T. Emotional Stress-Induced Seizures: Another Reflex Epilepsy? Epilepsia 2011; 1-4

Gloss D, Vickrey B. Cannabinoids for epilepsy (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 8.

Groesbeck DK, Bluml RM, Kossoff EH. Long-term use of the ketogenic diet in the treatment of epilepsy. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2006 Dec;48(12):978-81.

Gross DW, Hamm J, et al. Marijuana use and epilepsy: Prevalence in patients of a tertiary care epilepsy center. Neurology. 2004 Jun 8;62(11):2095–7.

Gupta SK et al. Serum magnesium levels in idiopathic epilepsy. J Assoc Physicians India. 1994 Jun;42(6):456-7.

Halawa I, Andersson t et al. Hyponatremia and Risk of Seizures: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Survey.Epilepsia 2011; 52(2):410-413

Halliwell B. Role of free radicals in the neurodegenerative diseases: Therapeutic implications for antioxidant treatment. Drugs Aging. 2001;18(19):685–716.

Haut SR, Vouyiouklis M et al. Stress and Epilepsy: A Patient Perception Survery. Epilepsy and Behavior 2003; 4: 511-514

Henderson CB, Filloux FM et al. Efficacy of the Ketogenic Diet as a Treatment Option for Epilepsy: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Child Neurology 2006;21:193

Higashi A, Tamari H et al. Serum Vitamin E Concentration in Patients With Severe Multiple Handicaps Treated with Anticonvulsants. Pediatric Pharmacology 1980; 1:129-134.

Hill AJ, Williams CM et al. Phytocannabinoids as Novel Therapeuric Agents in CNS Disorders. Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2012; 133:79-97.

Hoffman ME and Frazier CJ. Marijuana, Endocannabinoids, and Epilepsy: Potential and Challenges for Improved Therapeutic Intervention. Experimental Neurology 2011

Hosamani R et al. Neuroprotective efficacy of Bacopa monnieri against rotenone induced oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in Drosophila melanogaster. Neurotoxicology. 2009 Nov;30(6):977-85. Epub 2009 Sep 8.

Istoc-Bobis M and Gabor S. Psychological Dysfunction in Lead- and Mercury-Occupational Exposure. Revue Romaine de Sciences Sociales 1987; 31(2): 183-191

Jankiewicz K, Chrościńska-Krawczyk M, Blaszczyk B, et al. [Caffeine and antiepileptic drugs: experimental and clinical data]. [Article in Polish]. Przegl Lek. 2007;64(11):965-7.

Janszky J et al. [Role of deep brain stimulation in epilepsy]. Ideggyogy Sz. 2011 Sep 30;64(9-10):317-20.

Jaseja H. Purpose of REM sleep: Endogenous anti-epileptogenesis in man—a hypothesis. Med Hypotheses. 2004;62(4):546–8.

Jehi L and Najm IM. Sudden Death in Epilepsy: Impact, Mechanisms and Prevention. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine 2008 March; 75(2) S66-70

Jiao FY, Gao DY, Takuma Y, et al. Randomized, controlled trial of high-dose intravenous pyridoxine in the treatment of recurrent seizures in children. Pediatr Neurol 1997;17:54-57.

Jyoti A, Sethi P, Sharma D. Bacopa monniera prevents from aluminum neurotoxicity in the cerebral cortex of rat brain. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007 Apr;111(1):56-62.

Kang HC, Chung DE, Kim DW, Kim HD. Early- and late-onset complications of the ketogenic diet for intractable epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2004;45(9):1116.

Kanthasamy K et al. Neuroprotective effect of resveratrol against methamphetamine-induced dopaminergic apoptotic cell death in a cell culture model of neurotoxicity. Curr Neuropharmacol. 2011 Mar;9(1):49-53.

Karceski S. Vagus Nerve Stimulation Therapy. UpToDate 2011.

Katona I and Freund TF. Endocannabinoid Signaling as a Synaptic Circuit Breaker in Neurological Disease. Nature Medicine 2008; 14(9).

Kaufman KR, Sachdeo RC. Caffeinated beverages and decreased seizure control. Seizure. 2003 Oct;12(7):519–21.

Kelley SA and Hartman AL.Metabolic Treatments for Intractable Epilepsy. Seminars in Pediatric Neurology 2011; 18:179-185

Khan N, Ahmad N et al. Epilepsy Control by Prayer Type Yoga Exercise. Computer Research and Development 2010: 391-395

Klein P, Janousek J et al. Ketogenic Diet Treatment in Adults with Refractory Epilepsy. Epilepsy and Behavior 2010; 19:575-579

Kosoff EH, Zupec-Kania BA et al. Optimal clinical management of children receiving the ketogenic diet: Recommendations of the International Ketogenic Diet Study Group. Epilepsia, 50(2):304–317, 2009

Krishnakumar A et al. Upregulation of 5-HT2C receptors in hippocampus of pilocarpine-induced epileptic rats: antagonism by Bacopa monnieri. Epilepsy Behav. 2009 Oct;16(2):225-30. Epub 2009 Aug 22.

Kurul S, Unalp A et al. Homocysteine Levels in Epileptic Children Receiving Antiepileptic Drugs. Journal of Child Neurology 2007; 22(12): 1389-1392.

Kwan P and Brodie MJ. Effectiveness of First Epileptic Drug. Epilepsia 2001; 42(10):1255-1260.

Kwan P and Brodie MJ: Early Identification of Refractory Epilepsy. New England Journal of Medicine 2000; 342(5):314-319

Landrigan PJ. Health Effects of Environmental Toxins in Deficient Housing. Bulletins of the New York Academy of Medicine 1990; 66(5): 491-499

Lefevre F, Aronson N. Ketogenic diet for the treatment of refractory epilepsy in children: A systematic review of efficacy. Pediatrics. 2000 Apr;105(4):E46.

Lega BC, Halpern CH et al. Deep brain stimulation in the treatment of refractory epilepsy: Update on current data and future directions. Neurobiology of Disease 38 (2010) 354–360

Levy SL et al. The anticonvulsant effects of vitamin E: a further evaluation. Can J Neurol Sci. 1992 May;19(2):201-3.

Levy SL, Burnham WM et al. An Evaluation of the Anticonvulsant Effects of Vitamin E. Epilepsy Research 1990; 6:12-17.

Liang LP et al. Mitochondrial oxidative stress and increased seizure susceptibility in Sod2(-/+) mice. Free Radic Biol Med. 2004 Mar 1;36(5):542-54.

Lima E, Cabral FR et al.Melatonin Administration After Pilocarpine-Induced Status Epilepticus: A New Way to Prevent or Attenuate Post-Lesion Epilepsy? Epilepsy and Behavior 2011; 20:607-612

Linnebank M, Moskau S et al. ;Antiepileptic Drugs Interfere with Folate and Vitamin B12 Serum Levels. Annals of Neurology 2011; 69:352-359

Lundgren T, Dahl J, Yardi N, et al. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and yoga for drug-refractory epilepsy: a randomized controlled trial. Epilepsy Bahav. 2008 Jul;13(1):102-8.

Lysing-Williamson KA: Spotlight on Levetiracetam in Epilepsy. CNS Drugs 2011; 25 (10): 901-905

Maa EH, Kahle KT, Walcott BP, et al. Diuretics and epilepsy: will the past and present meet? Epilepsia. 2011 Sep;52(9):1559-69.

Mady MA, Kossoff EH, et al. The ketogenic diet: adolescents can do it, too. Epilepsia. 2003 Jun;44(6):847-51.

Mady MA, Kossoff EH, McGregor AL, et al. The ketogenic diet: adolescents can do it, too. Epilepsia. 2003 Jun;44(6):847-51.

Maggio N and Segal M. Stress and Corticosteroid Modulation of Seizures and Synaptic Inhibition in the Hippocampus. Experimental Neurology 2012.

Marson AG, Appleton R et al. A randomised controlled trial examining the longer-term outcomes of standard versus new antiepileptic drugs. The SANAD trial. Health Technology Assessment 2007; 11(37).

Mathew J et al. Behavioral deficit and decreased GABA receptor functional regulation in the cerebellum of epileptic rats: effect of Bacopa monnieri and bacoside A. Epilepsy Behav. 2010 Apr;17(4):441-7. Epub 2010 Feb 11.

McLachlan RS, Sadler M, et al. Quality of life after vagus nerve stimulation for intractable epilepsy: is seizure control the only contributing factor? Eur Neurol. 2003;50(1):16-9.

McNally MA, Pyzik PL, Rubenstein JE, Hamdy RF, Kossoff EH. Empiric use of potassium citrate reduces kidney-stone incidence with the ketogenic diet. Pediatrics. 2009;124(2):e300.

Menon B and Harinarayan CV. The effect of anti epileptic drug therapy on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parameters of calcium and bone metabolism—A longitudinal study. Seizure 2010;19:153-158

Milby AH, Halpern CH et al. Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Epilepsy and Depression. Neurotherapeutics 2008; 5:75-85

Mintzer S, Boppana P, et al. Vitamin D levels and bone turnover in epilepsy patients taking carbamazepine or oxcarbazepine. Epilepsia. 2006 Mar;47(3):510–5.

Morrell MJ. Folic Acid and Epilepsy. Epilepsy Curr. 2002 Mar;2(2):31-34.

Mortelmans LJ, Loo MV et al. Seizures and Hyponatremia After Excessive Intake of Diet Coke. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 2008; 51(15): 51

Mosek A, Natour H et al. Ketogenic Diet in Adults with Refractory Epilepsy: A Prospective Pilot Study. Seizure 2009; 18:30-33

Murialdo G, Magri F et al. Seizure Frequency and Sex Steroids in Women With Partial Epilepsy on Antiepileptic Therapy. Epilepsia 2009; 50(8):1920-1926.

Nagai Y. Biofeedback For Epilepsy. Current Neurological and Neuroscience Reports 2011. 11:443-450.

Nakken KO, Solaas MH et al. Which Seizure-Precipitating Factors Do Patients With Epilepsy Most Frequently Report? Epilepsy and Behavior 2005; 6:85-89

Nashef L, Hindocha N et al. Risk Factors in Sudden Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP): The Quest for Mechanisms. Epilepsia 2007; 48(5) 859-71

Neal EG, Chaffe H et al. The Ketogenic Diet for the Control of Childhood Epilepsy: A Randomised Control Trial.Lancet Neurology 2008;7:500-506

Ng SK, Brust JC et al. Illicit Drug Use and the Risk of New-Onset Seizures. American Journal of Epidemiology 1990; 132(1):47-57.

NINDS National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke 2012. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/epilepsy/detail_epilepsy.htm. Accessed April 20, 2012.

Nouri, S, Devinsky O, et al. Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy 2004. Available at: http://www.emedicine.com/NEURO/topic659.htm. Accessed April 20, 2006.

Nuytten D, Van Hees J, Meulemans A, Carton H. Magnesium deficiency as a cause of acute intractable seizures. J Neurol 1991;238:262-264.

Ochoa JG, Riche W, et al. Antiepileptic Drugs: An Overview 2005. Available at: http://www.emedicine.com/neuro/topic692.htm. Accessed April 20, 2006.

Ogunmekan AO, Hwang PA. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical trial of D-alpha-tocopheryl acetate (vitamin E), as add-on therapy, for epilepsy in children. Epilepsia. 1989 Jan;30(1):84–9.

Ogunmekan AO. Plasma vitamin E (alpha tocopherol) levels in normal children and in epileptic children with and without anticonvulsant drug therapy. Trop Georgr Med. 1985;37(2):175-7.

Ogunmekan AO. Vitamin E deficiency and seizures in animals and man. Can J Neurol Sci 1979;6:43-45.

Oladipo OO et al. Plasma magnesium and calcium levels in children with epilepsy in lagos. Niger Postgrad Med J. 2007 Mar;14(1):26-9.

Oladipo OO, Ajala MO, Okubadejo N, et al. Plasma magnesium in adult Nigerian patients with epilepsy. Niger Postgrad Med J. 2003;10(4):234-7.

Oliveira Ld et al. The role of magnesium sulfate in prevention of seizures induced by pentylenetetrazole in rats. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2011;69(2B):349-55.

Pack AM and Morell MJ. Epilepsy and Bone Health in Adults. Epilepsy and Behavior 2004; 5:S024-S029.

Pandey R et al. Baccoside A suppresses epileptic-like seizure/convulsion in Caenorhabditis elegans. Seizure. 2010 Sep;19(7):439-42. Epub 2010 Jul 3.

Payne NE, Cross JH et al. The Ketogenic Diet and Related Diets in Adolescents and Adults---A Review. Epilepsia 2011; 52(11):1941-1948.

Pereira EA, Green AL et al. Refractory Epilepsy and Deep Brain Stimulation. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 2012; 19: 27-33

Pieczenik SR and Neustadt J. Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Molecular Pathways of Disease. Experimental and Molecular Pathology 2007; 83:84-92

Prunetti P and Perucca E. New and Forthcoming Anti-Epileptic Drugs. Current Opinion in Neurology 2011; 24(2):159-164.

Qiabi M, Bouthiller A et al. Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Epilepsy:The Notre-Dame Hospital Experience. Canadian Journal of Neurological Science 2011; 38:902-908

Rahman S. Mitochondrial disease and epilepsy. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2012 Jan 28. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2011.04214.x. [Epub ahead of print]

Ramaratnam S, Baker GA, Goldstein L. Psychological treatments for epilepsy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001;(4):CD002029.

Ramaratnam S, Baker GA, Goldstein LH. Psychological treatments for epilepsy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Jul;(3):CD002029. Update of Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(4):CD002029.

Reddy DS and Jian K. The Testosterone-Derived Neurosteroid Androstanediol Is a Positive Allosteric Modulator of GABAA Receptors. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 2010 Sep;334:1031–1041

Rotenberg A. Prospects for Clinical Applications of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and Real-Time EEG in Epilepsy. Brain Topography 2010; 22(4): 257-266.

Rowan AJ, Shaywitz BA, et al. Aspartame and seizure susceptibility: Results of a clinical study in reportedly sensitive individuals. Epilepsia. 1995 Mar;36(3):270–5.

Sanborn MD, Cole D et al. Identifying and Managing Adverse Environmental Health Effects: 4. Pesticides. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2002; 166(11): 1431-1436.

Savaskan NE, Brauer AU, et al. Selenium deficiency increases susceptibility to glutamate-induced excitotoxicity. FASEB J. 2003 Jan;17(1):112–4.

Sener U, Zorlu Y et al. Effects of common anti-epileptic drugmonotherapy on serum levels of homocysteine, Vitamin B12, folic acid and Vitamin B6. Seizure 2006;15:79-85

Shawhan A, Bailey C, et al. Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Refractory Epilepsy in Children: More to VNS Than Seizure Frequency Reduction. Epilepsia. 2009; 50(5):1220-1228.

Shellhaas RA and Joshi SM. Vitamin D and Bone Health Among Children with Epilepsy. Pediatric Neurology 2010; 42:385-393.

Sheth RD, Stafstrom CE. Intractable pediatric epilepsy: vagal nerve stimulation and the ketogenic diet. Neurol Clin. 2002 Nov;20(4):1183-94.

Shetty AK. Promise of resveratrol for easing status epilepticus and epilepsy. Pharmacol Ther. 2011 Sep;131(3):269-86. Epub 2011 Apr 28. Review.

Shovic A et al. 'We think your son has Lennox-Gastaut syndrome'--a case study of monosodium glutamate's possible effect on a child. J Am Diet Assoc. 1997 Jul;97(7):793-4.

Simpson WM and Schuman SH. Recognition and Management of Acute Pesticide Poisoning. American Family Physician 2002; 65(8):1599-1605

Sinert R et al. Serum ionized magnesium and calcium levels in adult patients with seizures. Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2007;67(3):317-26.

Slutsky I, Abumaria N et al. Enhancement of Learning and Memory by Elevating Brain Magnesium. Neuron 2010; 65(2): 165-177

Slutsky I, Abumaria N, Wu J, et al. Enhancement of learning and memory by elevating brain magnesium. Neuron. 2010 Jan;65(2):165-77.

Sourris KC et al. Ubiquinone (coenzyme Q10) prevents renal mitochondrial dysfunction in an experimental model of type 2 diabetes. Free Radic Biol Med. 2012 Feb 1;52(3):716-23. Epub 2011 Nov 21.

Stafstrom CE, Bough KJ. The ketogenic diet for the treatment of epilepsy: a challenge for nutritional neuroscientists. Nutr Neurosci. 2003 Apr;6(2):67-79.

Stevens SJ and Harden CL. Hormonal Therapy for Epilepsy. Current Neurological and Neuroscience Reports 2011; 11:435-442

Stites T et al. Pyrroloquinoline quinone modulates mitochondrial quantity and function in mice. J Nutr. 2006 Feb;136(2):390-6.

Sun W, Fu W et al. Low-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for the Treatment of Refractory Partial Epilepsy. Clinical EEG Neuroscience 2011. 42(1) 40-44

Swinehart R. Two cases support the benefits of transcendental meditation in epilepsy. Med Hypotheses. 2008;70(5):1070. Epub 2008 Jan 14.

Taha AY, Burnham WM et al. Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Epilepsy. Epilepsia 2010; 51(8):1348-1358

Tamai H, Wakamiya E, Mino M, Iwakoshi M. Alphatocopherol and fatty acid levels in red blood cells in patients treated with antiepileptic drugs. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 1988;34:627-631.

Tamura T, Aiso K, Johnston KE, et al. Homocysteine,folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin B-6 in patientsreceiving antiepileptic drug monotherapy. Epilepsy Res 2000;40:7-15.

Tan G, Thornby J et al. Meta-Analysis of EEG Biofeedback in Treating Epilepsy. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience 2009; 40(3)

Tan M, Tan U. Effects of testosterone and clomiphene on spectral EEG and visual evoked response in a young man with posttraumatic epilepsy. Int J Neurosci. 2001 Jan;106(1-2):87-94.

Tawfik MK. Coenzyme Q10 enhances the anticonvulsant effect of phenytoin in pilocarpine-induced seizures in rats and ameliorates phenytoin-induced cognitive impairment and oxidative stress. Epilepsy Behav. 2011 Dec;22(4):671-7. Epub 2011 Oct 26.

Touyz RM. Magnesium supplementation as an adjuvant to synthetic calcium channel antagonists in the treatment of hypertension. Med Hypotheses. 1991 Oct;36(2):140-1.

Tozzo CA, Elfner LF, et al. EEG biofeedback and relaxation training in the control of epileptic seizures. Int J Psychophysiol. 1988 Aug;6(3):185-94.

Valsamis HA, Arora SK et al. Antiepileptic Drugs and Bone Metabolism. Nutrition and Metabolism 2006;3(36)

Veliskova J, Jesus GD et al. Females, Their Estrogens and Seizures. Epilepsia 2010; 51(3):141-144

Vincent A, Irani S et al. Potentially Pathogenic Autoantibodies Associated with Epilepsy and Encephalitis in Children and Adults. Epilepsia 2011; 52(Supp 8):8-11

Wakerley B, Schweder Pet al. Possible seizure suppression via deep brain stimulation of the thalamic ventralis oralis posterior nucleus Case Reports / Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 18 (2011) 972–973.

Waldbum S and Patel M. Mitochondrial Oxidative Stress in Temporal Epilepsy. Epilepsy Research 2010 Jan; 88(1) 23-45

Wallace MJ, Blair RE, et al. The endogenous cannabinoid system regulates seizure frequency and duration in a model of temporal lobe epilepsy. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2003 Oct;307(1):129-37.

Wang HS, Kuo MF, Chou ML, et al. Pyridoxalphosphate is better than pyridoxine for controlling idiopathic intractable epilepsy. Arch Dis Child 2005;90:512-515.

Wolf, P. Epileptic Seizures and Syndromes: With Some of their Theoretical Inplications. John Libbey Eurotext 1994.

Wu Z et al. Protective effect of resveratrol against kainate-induced temporal lobe epilepsy in rats. Neurochem Res. 2009 Aug;34(8):1393-400. Epub 2009 Feb 14.

Xu X, Erichsen D et al. Polyunsaturated fatty acids and cerebrospinal fluid from children on the ketogenic diet open a voltage-gated K channel: A putative mechanism of antiseizure action. Epilepsy Research 2008;80(1):57-66.

Yamamoto N, Kabuto H, et al. Alpha-tocopheryl-L-ascorbate-2-O-phosphate diester, a hydroxyl radical scavenger, prevents the occurrence of epileptic foci in a rat model of post-traumatic epilepsy. Pathophysiology. 2002 Jun;8(3):205–14.

Yuen AW, Sander JW, et al. Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation in patients with chronic epilepsy: A randomized trial. Epilepsy Behav. 2005 Sep;7(2):253–8.

Zaidi SM, Banu N. Antioxidant potential of vitamins A, E and C in modulating oxidative stress in rat brain. Clin Chim Acta. 2004 Feb;340(1-2):229–33.